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LTAD - a critique
Demands of the game
Profile of players
Functional screening
Resistance training
Speed and agility training
Integrated game conditioning

Olympic style lifting

Moderate load is effective

In addition, numerous authors have shown that peak power output during the hang power clean is achieved between 50% and 90% of a 1RM power clean load (Kawamori et al 2005, 2006; Kilduff et al 2007). Thus, it appears that the use of heavy loaded full cleans or power cleans is not a pre-requisite for optimising power output during training.

Figure 3. A moderate training load between 50% and 70% of 1RM has been shown to optimise power output in the hang power clean.

Regardless of the decision of the S&C coach as to what type of lift he or she will want players to complete or master, it is important to concentrate on technique only during the beginner or initial stages of training. Thus the use of the broom handle and/or unloaded bar is logical where the load used is not at all heavy. This is the preferred approach to introducing complex resistance training and movement patterns such as the power clean and power snatch (Zawiega 2008, Newton 2010).

Therefore, the good news is that it is not necessary to be competent to an Olympic weightlifting competitor level at either coaching or completing the full clean and jerk or squat snatch lifts where the depth of the squat is below parallel. Also, using moderate loads will be effective in optimising the power output during the derivatives of the main lifts.

Further, the strength and conditioning coach will appreciate that coaching certain sport skills requires a variety of coaching methods. For example, a complex skill such as the snatch is likely not to be mastered during the first coaching session. During the introduction to the lift, the S&C coach may either demonstrate the whole action of the lift or the derivative or provide a video demonstration of the desired technique so that the beginner has a visual model to replicate.

In some cases, the coach may just let the player attempt the lift using a modified lift such as the power snatch. In the presentations that follow you will be provided with a step by step progression in coaching both the clean and the snatch. The coaching approach or method has been drawn for numerous authorities in both S&C and in coaching weightlifting as a sport (Watson et al 2013, Zawiega 2008, Newton 2012, Duba et al 2007).

It is from this modified approach that the coach will take the component parts and build and refine the entire movement if that is the desired goal. By emphasising the ‘Part’ stage of the ‘Whole-Part-Whole’ coaching or teaching approach and using a very light load the coach should see improvements in technique and in the coordination and stability and power of the movements from session to session.