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LTAD - a critique
Demands of the game
Profile of players
Functional screening
Resistance training
Speed and agility training
Integrated game conditioning

Screening the lunge pattern

Normal forward lunge

A normal forward lunge is demonstrated in Figures 1 and 2 below.

Figure 1. Side view of normal forward lunge pattern.

Note in Figure 1 that the player positions his hands on his hips. An alternative screening posture is where the player holds the arms in ‘prisoner’ posture to allow clearer inspection of the pattern.

Note we describe key anatomical positions during this lunge pattern from a side view and a front view:

Side view

Lead leg:
  • The foot is flat on the floor
  • The knee is over the foot but does not move beyond the toes
  • The thigh is parallel to the floor
Trail leg:
  • The toes of the trail leg are flexed
  • The lower leg is parallel to the floor
  • The knee is to the rear (posterior) to the hip and raised from the floor
Torso and head:
  • The lumbar spine is neutral
  • The thoracic spine is neutral
  • The cervical spine (neck) and head are all aligned
  • The gaze is forward

When screening the forward lunge pattern from a front view (Figure 2), we observe the following key anatomical positions:

  • Ankle, knee and hip alignment: Note in Figure 2 below that the mid-knee point is aligned directly vertical (that is over) the toes
  • Shoulder symmetry: Note symmetry between level of left and right shoulders
  • Ankle and head alignment: Alignment of big toe of the lead leg lies vertical to the mid-chin of the head
  • Head posture: Should be centred and mid-chin aligned with big toe

Figure 2. Front view of normal forward lunge pattern.