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LTAD - a critique
Demands of the game
Profile of players
Functional screening
Resistance training
Speed and agility training
Integrated game conditioning

10 key principles of LTAD

System alignment and integration

The World Rugby model that integrates the various disciplines (physical, technical, social etc) is summed up as a general statement in the model presented in Figure 10 below.

Figure 10. World Rugby integrated and progressive Long Term Development model.

The important point here is that the model described is not a prescriptive statement. Recent reviews and proposals regarding long term development approaches articulate the importance of a dynamic and flexible development model (Gulbin et al 2013). Understanding that players of any given age will differ in several areas such as physically, emotionally, socially and cognitively is important for all adults involved in coaching. Further, it is important for all involved in the sport to be aware of the both the positives and limitations and gaps of any long term development approach. Ensuring that a model or pathway is regularly reviewed in light of experience, efficacy, newly available research and reflection on the development process allows all concerned to become more competent and informed, with the ultimate aim of enhancing the experience and involvement of all involved in the sport.

The integration of several systems is a key concept in ensuring that players are central in the process and that the sport is an exciting and safe one in terms of preparation and participation in match play. The Coach-Player-Team-Stages of development model has at its core the aim of aligning all systems. This ‘integrated pathway’ is also influenced by advances and new findings that may occur within reviews, applied research and changes to the rules of the game that regularly occur.