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LTAD - a critique
Demands of the game
Profile of players
Functional screening
Resistance training
Speed and agility training
Integrated game conditioning

10 key principles of LTAD

The 10 year or 10,000 hour rule

The concept of a 10 year or 10,000 hour requirement for elite athlete development noted by Ericsson et al (1993) was further promoted from the work of popular authors such as Malcom Gladwell. Balyi supported this contention by stating that: "scientific research has concluded that it takes eight-to-twelve years of training for a talented player/athlete to reach elite levels.’’

This, in practical terms, he notes, translates to slightly more than three hours of physical practice daily for ten years and cites the work of numerous researchers being central in this research (Ericsson et al 1993; Ericsson and Charness 1994; Bloom 1985; Salmela et al 1998).

Figure 2. How long will it take for these young players to reach elite level?

While many studies note that elite performers trained more than near-elite performers, there is evidence to show that some elite performers fail to accumulate the magic number of 10,000 practice hours (Van Rossum 2000). Further, other authors have indicated that reducing the development of expertise in sport solely to deliberate practice fails to acknowledge important developmental, psycho-social and motivational factors of young athletes (Baker & Cote 2006).