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LTPD Pathway
Functional Screening
Anatomical Adaptation
Game Demands
Conditioning for Rugby
Periodisation in Rugby

Training modes for speed

Tertiary training method

Tertiary training refers to the use of resistance training, including general strength and power training, plyometric and mobility training in conjunction with speed-specific training (Cronin and Hansen, 2005, Hennessy and Kilty, 2001, Nesser et al, 1996).

To safely and successfully perform speed drills, players require a general fitness base which includes strength, power and mobility. Strength is often seen as separate from speed, when in fact it plays an important role in the development of speed (Alexander, 1989, Baker and Nance, 1989, Schmidtbleicher, 1992). The amount of force exerted against the ground is a determining factor in speed (Bosco, 1999, Mero et al, 1992). Further, power, which is the rate at which force is generated, is an influential factor in determining speed acceleration.

There are two types of flexibility; static and dynamic. Static flexibility refers to the range of motion around a joint with no emphasis on movement speed. For example, static flexibility about the shoulders and hips is evident when a front row player binds in the scrum. Dynamic flexibility, on the other hand, refers to the player using a range of motion at a normal or rapid speed. For example, when a player dynamically steps into a lunge-type movement pattern to pick and pass a ball at pace, such as when a scrum-half gains possession and delivers a pass to the out-half.

Research has indicated that speed may be enhanced by developing greater strength, power and mobility (Dintiman & Ward, 2003, Cissik, 2004, Nesser et al, 1996).