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LTPD Pathway
Functional Screening
Anatomical Adaptation
Game Demands
Conditioning for Rugby
Periodisation in Rugby

The principles of training


As previously noted, the body adapts to the demands of a training session or period of training. However, if this training continues without variation, then the body may cease to adapt and may in fact risk the occurrence of becoming stale or overtrained (Hakkinen et al, 1985). When variation is not present, then positive adaptation may be difficult to achieve. In practical terms, it is important that throughout the year, variation in the process of conditioning occurs.

An example of this in practice would be the player who undergoes the same resistance training programme from early pre-season all the way throughout the in-season. While positive adaptation may occur in the early stages of the programme, over time the monotony of the programme may be counter-productive (Hakkinen et al, 1985, Kraemer, 2008).

Alternating the intensity of training from high to medium to low within a given week has been shown to be a productive means of achieving variation in training with very positive effects (Rhea et al, 2002).