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LTPD Pathway
Functional Screening
Anatomical Adaptation
Game Demands
Conditioning for Rugby
Periodisation in Rugby

The principles of training


Each individual player is different. Differences are based firstly on a player’s unique and innate physiological make-up (Bosco, 1999). Some players are naturally strong, others are naturally fast and others can have excellent innate endurance levels (Hennessy, 2011). Other differences can include functional and fundamental competencies with some players having more mature Fundamental Movement Skills (Gilligan et al, 2005). Differences will be evident in training age among players with older players displaying a greater training background and thus a probable higher level of fitness then a younger player. Differences in recovery rate between players may also be evident. For example, it has been shown that while 80% of players who strength-trained were recovered by day three following training, 20% of players had not recovered (McLester et al, 2008).

An individualised approach will be more successful in helping the player achieve improvements in fitness and ultimately in performance (Rhea et al, 2009). However, the Strength and Conditioning coach may not have the time and resources to successfully individualise the conditioning programme for his squad of players. Where possible, individualising the training should be considered as it yields greater training results.