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LTPD Pathway
Functional Screening
Anatomical Adaptation
Game Demands
Conditioning for Rugby
Periodisation in Rugby

The components of fitness

The key physical fitness components required to play the game of Rugby include:

  • Strength and power
  • Speed and agility
  • Endurance – general endurance and multi-sprint/activity
  • General movement mobility

The main components described - strength and power, speed and agility, general and multi-sprint/activity endurance - are underpinned by the ability to move efficiently and express the basic skills of the game. Some authorities have called the latter ‘physical literacy’ (Butcher and Eaton, 1989). For us as Strength and Conditioning coaches, our goal - especially through the childhood and teenage years - is to enhance this physical literacy so that the young player carries a wide range of well-developed movement skills and general fitness components into the game. For example, the Fundamental Movement Skills are composed of locomotion, co-ordination, manipulation and stability. They are the building blocks for the specific skills of passing, catching, kicking, evading, tackling, pushing, pulling, which are key skills of the game of Rugby.